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Sclerotherapy is the injection of a
material to control bleeding. Most commonly, sclerotherapy is
performed to control variceal bleeding (bleeding from veins near
the surface) in the esophagus. Other non-variceal bleeding sites
can be controlled this way as well.
Sclerotherapy is performed as
follows. First, the bleeding site is located endoscopically. The
sclerotherapy catheter is advanced through the endoscope until
it is just visible contacting the bleeding site. The endoscope
is held firmly against the bleeding site and the needle advanced
into the tissue. A material called sclerosant is then injected
into the bleeding site. The sclerosant is usually epinephrine or
ethanol. The sclerosant, through a variety of mechanisms, causes
the site to stop bleeding.
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information is not for procedural application. Please consult
your physician or healthcare provider for professional
consultation in regards to these educational topics.